Foundation Basics : Skin

As part of my little foundation basics series this post will focus on skin type.

When you ask a makeup artist or retail worker for foundation recommendations the first question that they will generally ask is your skin type. Why? Our skin type can determine how a foundation, settles, emphasises, blends and a multitude of other factors of how it wears on the skin.  As stated in my first series post, foundations have come a long way in being complimentary for an individuals needs, rather then just a standard one size fits all for the 7.1 billion-ish of us.

I’ve have written up a little guide to help you find your skin type. From here we can see where to go with preparing of your creating a flawless canvas 

Normal : Normal skin types are reasonably balanced( not oily or dry) with no/ few imperfections or breakouts.

You may not do much with your skin in regards to skincare (cleanse, moisturise ect.) however it looks and feels smooth, plump and is practically blemish free.

  • you may not take much care or notice in your skin and it skill looks and feels relatively smooth and plump
  • little to no sensitivity meaning you can try out new products without having a reaction
  • pores aren’t very noticeable. skin is relatively smooth and soft, doesn’t change throughout the day.

Oily: An oily skin type will produce oil even after cleansing,

  • you probablly need to blot after around 4 hours or less of cleaning depending on houw sevre your skin gets
  • oily or shinyness around nose, forehead, chin, most-likely have larger pores and may have acne prone skin due to oiliness  soap free cleanser

Combination oily: mostly ‘normal’  may occasionally be dryer in the winter months particularly, but more so gets oily

  • with change of climate skin may become more or less oily.

Combination: Combination skin is the most common.

  • Some areas of your face , commonly T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) get slightly oily through-out the day
  • other parts of the face such as cheeks and around the eyes are dry.
  • Can be sensitive and react to certain products. Your skin also may change with the climate or season

Dry: Dry skin doesn’t maintain or hold natural oils, often flaky, appear matte, feel tight, feels rough

  • skin looks textured or emphasised
  • may look tired, sallow or dull, loss of elasticity or plump, may easily be irritated or red

Combination dry: mostly ‘normal’  may occasionally be a bit oily particularly with change of climate, but more-so slightly dry

  • with change of climate skin may become more or less dry

Sensitive/Rosacea: Someone with Sensitive skin or an individual with Rosacea often will have a reaction when trying new products that don’t work with skin ( irritation, increased redness, swell/inflammation)

  • can easily be irritated or triggered by fragrance, alcohol, redness. The skin can have patchiness in texture depending on how sensitive each area is on skin.
  • Have caution of what products are used, each area should be treated differently according to the skins needs . 

Mature/Aged:  Mature or aged skin will have noticeable lines/wrinkles around mouth, eyes, cheeks,

  • over time may have a loss of elasticity and tone,
  • colour may look sallow, dry, may have hyper-pigmentation/ discolouration , skin can become more sensitive/fragile or rough

Acne/blemish prone: skin is sensitive to products that clog pores causing breakouts,

  • scarring can linger and be hard to diminish ( can cause to have dry patches), acne/blemishes can also be hormonally triggered.

Sun damage:  An individual with Sun Damaged skin will often lean on the dryer side, Fine lines/wrinkles may occur prematurely as well as sun spots, discolouration and blotchiness. Using a moisturiser and SPF of 15 or higher can give your skin a chance to rehydrate and can prevent an further damage

Eczema: Skin is easily irritated leaving little bumps on the skin, the affected areas are often dry and flakey (and itchy), if a product doesn’t agree with the skin it often will have a severe reaction  so take caution and be careful of what you try.

  • Some reactions can  sting, irritation, increased redness, swell/inflammation, if these reactions occur stop using the current product.
  • Avoid rough products and ones that contain irritants such as alcohol and fragrances .

For more information on Skin types

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